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Digital divide in Journalism

 

A digital divide is an economic inequality between different groups of people, when being able to access the use of knowledge on the Internet and communication technologies differs. The digital divide within every country varies on wealth of population, but the digital divide can be found almost everywhere in the world. Some are more privileged than others to be able to access the Internet and a variety of different sources of information and communication. Businesses, households, individuals and location cause digital separation globally. Location of individuals remains a major factor in eligibility to access such information, although most countries are capable of grasping informational and communicational technologies, money becomes a vital circumstance in the digital divide. Also the global divide in technology can be explained by the gap between developed and developing countries on a international scale. Economic inequality is also known as the gap between wealth, the term usually refers to the disparity between groups and individuals of society, as well as international inequality.

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In my profession as a journalist, digital technology is crucial in aspects of globalizing information. As well as accessing information and being able communicate with others internationally. The digital divide in the journalism industry is a rather large portion, considering the wealth of every country varies. Every country has journalism attributes but the money to support the industry can cause absence in productions, as well as scarce resources needed to accommodate the needs of journalism. Journalism culture is often defined, as being a “shared occupational ideology among news workers”, which indicates the culture of journalism should be capable of extending journalistic information and knowledge globally. The digital divide within different nations is a particular issue that causes the difference in production. Funding is the most valuable aspect of journalism, to journalize and globalize information, money is vital to able to acquire the necessary resources and materials to publicize and communicate the knowledge one has. Journalism around the world has similar goals but different methods of achieving them, for example: Australia and America are both countries that heavily rely on the news to gather information for individual knowledge as well as being able to spread that knowledge into other regions of the world. However some countries around the globe are unable to spread methods of communication and information due to the lack of funding. There are major wealth gaps between certain countries. This establishes the difficulties in spreading information and causes isolation for some. Not all digital divides are caused by nations, in many cases the gap is distilled within one nation. This causes journalism to be interfered with because money and other resources are necessary to publicize information. The gap between the rich and poor is vastly increasing but with the development of advancing technology available every year, it becomes eligible for the rich and the poor must settle for the older technologies. This indicates that the spread of knowledge and newer methods of communication can’t be equivalent between both the rich and poor. The use of cellular devices and tablets that we are privileged enough to purchase and enable to our work environments, have further matured our means of globalizing our knowledge. As for the poorer individuals and nations, the gap causes a lack of competency to spread information and knowledge.

 

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Digital divide – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved April 6, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_divide

Digital Divide: Civic Engagement, Information Poverty, and the Internet … – Pippa Norris – Google Books. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://books.google.com.au/books?hl=en&lr=&id=wfNPdyiwbYQC&oi=fnd&pg=PP11&dq=digital+divide+in+journalism&ots=gykM8hmVcS&sig=Q3wX5TaW7PAaGKIzAE6zOODyDgs#v=onepage&q=digital%20divide%20in%20journalism&f=false



the use of collective intelligence

       

 

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  The definition of collective intelligence is the gathering of information by a group of people. Whether it is print, radio, television or Internet journalism, journalists to generate stories and gain important information utilize collective intelligence. In journalism the gathering of information is crucial, the journalism business thrives on collective intelligence to perform better stories and news.  With the upcoming of the Internet has allowed collective Intel to expand. Social media is a key example of how collective information is used, for instance blogs and social media are used to gain a better understanding of how collective intelligence is harnessed by journalists. The Internet has provided a new communication method, which allows the public to have an input on topics of interest. The ever-expanding collection of resources has allowed journalists around the globe to expand their thoughts and information perceived. The number one skill journalist’s need today is collective intelligence in the 21st century; picture a decade from now and how efficient collective information will still be. There are many skills journalists must use but this is the most vital one.  Collective intelligence contributes to society in numerous ways, one being; it allows journalists to empower there knowing’s and gathering of information’s. Secondly, journalism is a career that enables the truth from coming out and into the public’s ears and eyes, with that being said it has become the responsibility of the journalist to announce the information gathered. The gathering of information plays a big role in generating new ideas, as individuals are now beginning to relate to other users on the internet and are becoming more comfortable to openly share ideas and thoughts in virtual spaces, journalists can use the information to address more critical topics.           There are negative aspects to collective intelligence, such as bias comments and information that can or could be significantly costly to the audience of the media. Some may say that collective information is a framework of others issues and ideas.  There are many ways for journalists let alone all types of media to perceive information in the wrong way, for example many sources of information such as bloggers and social media users have put out many misinterpretation or false information which has been known to cause negative attributes to the journalistic world.   Many sources of media examine other sources to gain intelligence on competition. Journalism is one of those organizations that include such resourcing, sometimes for the better and sometimes for the worse. There are pros and cons to collective intelligence but in conclusion we as journalists must conquer the new types of intelligence such as Internet and television broadcasting. We as a society must utilize the sources of information and gather all the new ways we can more accurately assemble our information in the best way possible.  

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COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE | Edge.org. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://edge.org/conversation/collective-intelligence

 

Collective Intelligence 2012. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ci2012.org/

 

The Co-Intelligence Institute. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.co-intelligence.org/

 

how ugc is used in journalism.

As a future journalist Trans media story telling becomes a major component in our professional fields in aspects of helping interactive narration come to life and to publicize the description. Both UGC and Trans media story telling are used by journalists; I believe that UGC is used repeatedly because blogs and social networking are methods of communication. User generated content is defined as being able to publish self-work or community. YouTube was one of the famous internet outlets that were based on self-broadcasting which is an element of UGC. Local journalists use a great deal of generated content, journalists in the 21st century are all capable and aware that social media and blogs are highly accessed by the public, that being the main reason why journalists create them. Many organizations such as the BBC channel have UGC teams, which indicates the importance of generated content because it has the capacity to influence purchase decisions, brand affinity and brand loyalty. The benefits of using UGC are at tremendous; it increases user engagement and user communication by allowing the audience or users to have an input on topics of issue. Also, people want to be able to comprehend what others thoughts are on products and services, thus giving UGC the capability of creating a great audience for online blogs or broadcasting. There are many upsides to using or creating UGC, it could be used as a marketing strategy such as BBC news has by revealing news or comments, which refer to how efficient a product on the market, would be. The biggest form of generated content is social media. Social media connects users in many ways, by diversifying UGC on the Internet it gives the people a greater grasp of information on what they are looking into whether it be online products or a news articles.

 

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What UGC offers to the public is when someone visits your sight or blog it gives them an insight of your thoughts and experiences with in the field of your topic. In this case I have referred it to journalism, majority of journalist now a days adopt the generated content approach because it helps them spread their point across or issues. It comes in great favour of the media to use such tools that escalate the issue to the public for their thoughts and concerns.  UGC is straight forward which people can relate to, by giving these options on social media it allows the public to inform them selves about products or current events and be able to read reviews from others first hand which tend to be a bigger advantage to the public, rather than them believing the advertising of such themselves. Many people including journalists are supported by generated contents, it helps them be aware of direct influences and enhances their thoughts on politics or materialistic objects whereas if social media hadn’t existed such as Facebook and blogs it would be difficult to receive honest advertisement of objects or customer reviews.  In conclusion the importance of user generated content on a political or marketing standpoint is its capacity to influence purchase decisions and at a consumers point of view it represents the new radically defined constitutes value of the consumer.  

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User-generated content – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved March 2, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User-generated_content

What is User Generated Content? | Online Journalism Blog. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2010/01/15/what-is-user-generated-content/

What is User Generated Content? (with picture). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-user-generated-content.htm

 

 

Convergence of journalism and technological culture

Journalism as a profession converges into technology and culture in aspects of media and forming an opinion to the public. It relates to technology because every journalist must be able to work with computers, cameras and everyday smart phones for latest updates and quicker interactions. Most journalist use technology to widespread media, using accounts such as: (Twitter, Facebook and social streaming) which enables them to spread and consult others opinions on different news topics the fastest way possible.  I embrace the fact that digitizing news media will be the trend of the future “network theory is to investigate how different actors negotiate and ultimately shape the manner in which the Internet and related digital technologies are embedded in the newsroom”.

 

Whether social media is displayed in a constant stream online or is read to people by other viewers, the presence of social media is easily felt. Seeing how traditional media consumption was mostly through television, radio and print news. Times have changed there are various types of tablets and smart phones that have conformed out society which was a major change from 10-15 years ago.  For example: (taking the bus to work, you can now get your updated morning news on the way with a simple app on the smart phone).

Journalism also shapes our culture because the population of that origin will be depending on journalist for latest updates and news. Media gives the people something to encounter and look forward to because it shapes our society of what people know and believe, so when technology comes into play it makes mass media a lot easier. Journalists are committed and in charge of going out to get important stories that relate or affect the population surrounding, for example: (If a crime in the area takes place and is reported by a journalist, it makes the community aware of the actions taken place and gives the public incite on information they want and need to hear).

Having technology and more advanced digital media coming out every year means different ways to spread new ideas and information which forms our cultural society.

Specific information and organizational purposes lurk journalist’s views and sayings, it is important that the viewers or presenters of the journals be intrigued by the topics by the news or broadcasting coming out. Print media is beginning to decline, with that given, it becomes a bigger responsibility for journalists and different news papers to accept and excel in digital media which gives them a better opportunity to have their story spread to the adult and youth to aware the nation of possible important information. When a nation has reliable sources and technology to view them, it creates a feeling where the public can feel safe and rely on their sources for important notifications for everyday use in the community or country.

“Results show that journalism cultures in different countries are basically different but share some similarities in the perception of the institutional roles and objectivity in news-making”.  Journalism affects every nation in the same way, they all have a responsibility to stay updated and tackle problems for the better of the society doing so with the help of new digital electronics to enhance their ways of doing so, and giving the people a chance to form opinions that allow them to include comments that shape the society they live in.

REFERENCES:

Berganza-Conde, María Rosa; Oller-Alonso, Martín; Meier, Katrin. Revista Latina de Comunicación Social. dec2010, Vol. 13 Issue 65, p1-12. 12p. 2 Diagrams, 3 Charts retrieved from.http://web.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.bond.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=9&sid=fb0dc788-126a-4a73-9a94-4782520c25d4%40sessionmgr4003&hid=4107

Journalism in a state of flux: Journalists as agents of technology innovati…: EBSCOhost. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=17&sid=db2e5515-9a93-40b3-97a0-6cd9b7e43435%40sessionmgr115&hid=121&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=a9h&AN=85096545

Hanusch, Folker. Media International Australia (8/1/07-current), Nov2013, Issue 149, p82-91, 10p; retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.bond.edu.au/ehost/detail?vid=10&sid=fb0dc788-126a-4a73-9a94-4782520c25d4%40sessionmgr4003&hid=4107&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=ufh&AN=92695867